Nursing in Canada | Salaries and
Costs of Living in Canada, Switzerland, UK and the USA |
Requirements | Canadian
Registered Nurses Exam Prep Guides |
Educational Requirements and
Professional Conditions for Nurses in Canada
To get a visa for entry into Canada,
you will be required to have a written job offer.
Canada has had a publicly funded system of hospital and medical care since 1968. The majority of nurses work within the publicly funded sector of health care, a minority work in the private sector and a small number of nurses are self-employed.
Because health is a
provincial jurisdictional area, the health care
delivery system is not centralized and there is no
one place where nurses can apply for work. They must apply
directly to individual employers. The Canadian Hospital
Association publishes a large directory that lists and
gives addresses for hospitals, health centres, nursing
homes, health associations and health education programs.
Employment Prospects in Canada
The nursing employment situation in Canada is improving after several years of health care restructuring and hospital downsizing. Nurses with skills and experience in specialty areas (e.g., emergency, critical care and operating room) and those willing to work in smaller communities or isolated communities are in the most demand. The Canadian Nurses Association is predicting a continued shortage of nurses for the future.
Information about Registration and Licensing to practise nursing in Canada
Unlike many other countries the registration of nurses does not occur at the national level. In order to practise nursing you must be licensed or registered in the province or territory in which you will work. Click here to request application forms.
Exam and Certification to become licensed to practise in Canada
Canadian provinces and territories, with the exception of Québec, require that you write the Canadian Registered Nurses Examination as part of the registration or licensure process. At present, this examination can only be written in Canada on the recommendation of a provincial or territorial nurses association. The Canadian Nurses Association publishes The Canadian RN Exam Prep Guide, which you will find useful in preparing for the exam.
Québec nurses have their own exam. For further information about nursing in Quebec, contact Ordre des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec.
Language Proficiency for Nurses Certification in Canada
You require language proficiency in either English or, for some Provinces, in French, to become registered or licensed in Canada. Bilingualism (French and English) is an asset. Candidates must have knowledge of French to practise in Québec. In New Brunswick and Ontario, candidates must be proficient in either French or English. Employment and nursing education programs for unilingual French speaking nurses are available in Québec and in certain areas in New Brunswick and Ontario. In these provinces the Canadian RN exam may be written in either French or English. In the other provinces and territories of Canada proficiency in English is the requirement. If your mothertongue is not English, you will be required to demonstrate your English proficiency by either having passed the British IELTS or the American TOEFL Exams.
Psychiatric and Mental Health Nurse
In Canada, registered nurses provide psychiatric/mental health services in a variety of settings. These nurses often have post-basic education and may also hold Canadian Nurses Association's specialty certification in psychiatric/mental health nursing. Registered mental health nurses from other countries may not have the broad education required for licensure as a registered nurse in this field in Canada.
Registered psychiatric nursing is a separate profession in the four western provinces of Canada. For further information and depending on where you would like to live in Canada, you should contact the specific provincial organization.
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Last modified: Thursday, June 01, 2006 04:06